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Page 1

K Y P I A K H
2 6 O K I O B P O Y

EvpEavieg, ouvöüprs Kal oüvo\ot
rrou dAÄsEsv rn popert Tou rcöopou

H MorPAr rA Toy KorMoy

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H MorPArrA roY Ko
I Y N C J H K E :

Page 8

Iru Anxovg Kopyou> rg> fiazrra>. Ko0rotoi onö oprotepd: Toöptortr, Poü(Betrt rcor )tdÄrv

ötr orcöneue vc evörioet ong oo6reurc6q onottnoetq. fi' ourö upo-

tipnoe vo rcpornoer-rn ouvdvrnoti rou pe rov l,rol.rv puorrcn.

To pöl'l,ov rnq f€ppoviaq
Tetrucd enroriprog ot rpetg nydreg onorpdotoov vo ovoOdoow rnv

enil.uon rou npoBtrripcrogmg floÄoviog omv Euponoini )up-

Boutreuurcn Enrrponn, n onoio eixe oumqOei rcorir rn öroprcero

rnq rrpoKoroprcrucrig ouvovtnong nou eixov ot unoupyoi tr,iv

E[rorepucöv rr,lv rptcöv Meyd.].rov Auvoperov orn Möoxo rov

Ondr6pro rcu 1943 yrq vo ilpoerotpdoouv rn Ardorcerpn Kopu-

qng rnq Texepdvng. H ennponn ourfl eixe mv 6öpo rnq oro

Aovöivo rcot onereleito qnö tov Bpetovö unoupyö E[r,ttepucdlv

Kol roug npeo6eurdg mg )oBreurcriq Evoong Kol rt,lv Hvotp6-

vov floLrteuiv mo Äovöivo.

Eniong o-rn Atdorcer.pn Kopurpnq tng Texepovnq or luppo-

xor unoox60nKov o-ro lpdv mv ove{oprnoio rou petd tov nö-

2 3 2 O I I V E T A A E ' T Y N O H K E I

Lepo rcor oucovoprrcn 6on0ero.

Orov öpr,rg or rpelq nydteq öqOooov oro u dtrteÄÄe yevöoOor

ps rn perorotreprrcf feppovio, ot ovrt06oetq ToöprorÄ - Porll

6e.\r nopouordo'mrcov [ercoOopo. O Pou(6ek npotele n feppovio

vo öropellorei oe enrd rpnpcro: nöwe ouroötorcoripevq Kqt öüo

nou ro 0eoporioe uryiorng onpooiog, to övq quö rn Ardrpuyo rou

Kr6Äou og rnv nö.Ln rou Apr6oripyou rcor ro olÄo p€ rlq nsplo-

xöq rou Poup rot rou )oop, ot onoieg 0o dnpene vo reOoüv unö

öreOvn dtreyxo. O ToöptorÄ, o onoiog öev enr04rorioe rov öto-

peLropö mq feppovioq ol-\o rnv onoöuvdproon mg, npöretve

vc qnoKonei n flpooic onö-rn feppovio rcor n Nörro fepprovic

vq qrorel.doerrn )uvopoonovöiq rou Aouvq6eo4. O )rdÄrv

oupgrirvnoe Fe tnv npöroon tou Poü(6eLr.

Qoröoo out6g or ou(nrnoerq öev npoxr,rpnoov or 6d0oq.

Antröq pnnrcov ro nl.oioro yro pe.tr-Lovurc6g orogdoerq. Al,\o-

me n feppoviq öev eixe orcöprn nttnOei. Apo ro ox6öro yro to

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i €
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ri

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TOYINETON
( 1 8 7 4 - r 9 6 5

TEOPTEIA
\

nrirg 0o öropopcprovörov o peronoLepn<ög r<öopog Bpiorcovrcv
oröpn om oEoipo rrov exoouilv Kol rov euo.eBrilv nöOov.

Erceivo nou o Pori(6e,lt enr0upouoe ndvco qn'öÄo nrqv vo
netoOei o )rdi.rv vo rcnpri{er rov nö}.epo rcord tng Ionovioq,
npdypc rrou oq erceivn rn orrlpri o )rqhv ro onörpeuye upö-
woq rn l,uprprovio Ouöerepörnrog nou eixe unoypoqrer n )o-
Brermd Evoon Fe rnv Ionovio rov AnpiÄro rou 1941. O ltd.
l,rv, o onoiog rcor ourög ri0ele vo eivor grÄucög rcor cpeorög orov
opepucovö npdeöpo, unooxöOnre öu n lo6rerrcri Evr,lon 0q
dpuorve mov uöl,epotou Erpnvucou olld pero rnv rel.ucfl nr-
ro rng feppoviog oürroq dlore vo pnopei vo evroxüoer rlq orpq-
turrrucdg öuvoperg rng orn )r6npio rcor vo oqrperooxrt oro Ko1-
vö pdrrouo evovr,iov mg lonroviog.

Euvoiucri Tporni Tou rrol,dpou
llopo uq öuorcq örotpr,lvieg Ko1 r1q p.n re.].eoiönceg ouoEooerg,
rcqrd tn Ardorceryn Kopurpriq rng Texepovng rpovnre öu o.u-
orpix0nrov or rprl.ucoi ösopoi pero[ri tov nyerriv tr,rv rpröv Me-
yotrov Auvdpecov. )ro Osrucö rctripo ouvd6o.Ä.ov rcor rc yeyovö-
rc rng lroLioq. )rrq 24 IouLiou 1943 o Mnevito Mouoo].ivr ei-
xe e{ovoyrcoorei oe nopoimon Kol n Itoliq eixe v6o rcu66pm-
on uuö tov o-rpordpxn fLdrpo Mnovtöl,ro, o onoioq eixe uno-
ypdrqer orrg 3 lemep1piou 1943 puonrcri ovqKoxli pe roug öu-
uroug )uppoxoug Kol orlq 13 Orcnr6piou n ItoÄiq eixe rcnpu-
fer rov nötrepo om feppovio. Apeprrcovo6perovucd otporeu-

trrcro eixov ouo6r6oo-rei omv rro,l,ucri xepoövnoo nor no).epou-
oov Kqtd rov feppovrirv trrc(i trre toug IroLoriq.

O nötrepoq eixe ndper ntrdov euvoircn rponn yro touq lup,
pdxoug. To ouppoxrcd orpcteriporcr nou qno6r6dornKqv orn
Noppovöio mrq 6 Iouviou 1944 npodLooov rox6o4 pr6oo ouö
m fotrliq pe tn 6ofi0erq Kol rov ydÄ-\ov notprorrirv. To ye-
yovöro ouro oltro[ov trg öro06oerq tou Pou(6e].t ondvqvrr
o-rov orpcrrnyö Kdpol,o vre ficolL Kot o.rnv Enrtpouri E0vrrcnq
Anetreu0dpoonq rnv onoiq öev n0etre vo ovoyvrrrpioer 0lg Ku-
66pvnon rnq folliog. Or ovrppnoerq tou Pori(BeLt öev epnö-
ötoov rpuoucotov Nre ficoÄ vo o.xnporio.er otrg 2 Iouviou rpo.
or,rprvn rcu66pvnon tng follucrig Anporcporioq rcor yoÄtruc6g
orpourorn<ög govdöeq evdl0nrcov lre ro o-rporeriporo tclV Ay-
yLoolrepucovrirv. To flopior etreu0epdrOnrc e atq25 Auyouotou
Kol orlq 26 o Nte frcr'1tr ero66qtre Oprop6eurrrco otn yoÄtrrrri
nporeüouoo roOrotdrvrog ooEdq oug rperq Meyotreg Awoperg
ött oro s(nq 0o dnpene vo unoÄoyi(ouv rcm tn Fql.l,io r,4 pe-
ydln örlvopn.

O I I \ 4 E T A A E I I Y N O H K E T 2 3 3

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IüIEMENT ATAI
( 1 8 8 3 . 1 9 6 7 \

oudOero ovc0eöpnong rc,JV oupeovn0övrov om frd.Lro.

Ltq24loutriou o l,roLrv evnpepdOnrce örr ro "v6o önÄo",

n oropucn 6öp6o, eivor drorpo npog xpnon ror (rirnoe onö toug

dÄ,\ouq örio nydreq vo oreiLouv reLeoiyporpo nopdöoong ornv

Ionürviq. flpdporr ro retreoiyporpo eold,\n rpoeröonorcöwoq mv

Ionoviq yro öpooru<örepäq enr0öoerg, xopig rooröoo vo ovorpö.

psrol ro "v6o öntror. Irrq 28 IouLiou n Ionc^rviq ovqKoivooe örr

0o oqrncprioer rnv npoeröonoinon.

Or ouvoprLieq mo flöroöop ouvexiotnrcrv r,iq rrq 2 Auyori-

orou. To rcuprörepo 06poro nrov o tpönog örorcu6dpvnong rnq

nrrnpdvng feppoviog, n xopo{n rcov ouvöpov mg floÄcovioq,

n r<oroxn rng Auorpioq, n onoooqnvron rou pö).ou mg )o6re-

rmnq Evoong mnv Avoro.l.ucn Eupönn rcor or nol.epu<öq ono-

(ryutiroerq nou örperLe vq Koro6dLer n feppovio oroug vrcnröq,

ötrc önÄqön öoq eixov ou(nrn0ei Kor orn frdi.to. Antrrirg röpo

önpene vo erpoppooroüv.

To rdi\,og rou rrol,dlrou
H orpöoqorpo rcoi.ng 06Lnong, nou eixe xoporcrnpioer rrg öuo

nponyoripeveg öroor<6ryerg, oro flöroöop eixe e{o<povrorei. Or

rpetg nyöreq npoondOnoov vq qnooflqootrv öoo pnopoüorrv ne-
prooötepo otp6Än yro rn örrcn-rou xrirpo o rco06vog. H rccOepio onö
trq Meyd,\eg Auvdperq 0o dnorpve ug noLepucög ono(ryrröoerg

rnq onö ro rpnpo mg feppovioq nou rcoreixe. Avolvr,pi(owog

rrg peyd,\eg 0uoieg rou oo6rerucou Loou rcoro rov nötrepo, enr-

rpdnnrce orn )oBrerrrcn Evroon vo Ld6er ennÄdov rc l0o/o.l5o/o

rou Btopnxovucou e{on}.ropori nou unnpxe onq (riveq rorv Aurr-

röv pe or,"rd-\i.oypo oyporuca npoiövro qnö m oo6rerrrcri (övn.

H floÄorviq oproOernOnrce npog ovoroÄog pe rn fpol4rn Köp-
(ov ror npog öuopog Us roug noropoüq Ovrep rcor Noroe noip-

vovroq 6vo qrnpo rng nptilnv AvoroLrucng flpooioq. Aurög o

ötorcovovtopög eixe cog onor6l.eopro rn perorcivnon sKoroppu-
piov feppovöv.

Iuq 6 Auyouorou n np6tn oroprcn 6öp6o 6nln[e rn Xr-
pooipa. Inq 8 Auyoriorou n Möoxo r.lpu[e rov nö.].etrro rcoro

rnq Ioncoviog Kcrl ouq 9 dneoe n öeurepn oroprr<ri 6öp6o oro
Noyrccodrct. )rrq 14 Auyoriorou n Ioncovio ö6xrnr<e vo ouvOn-
rcotroynoer 1rs rouq öpoug rcov )uppoxt'rv. )nq 2 )enrepBpiou

1945 n Ionrovio nrrpoöö0nrce Kqr runrKd. H nopdöoon rng dyr-
vs o-tov ctpsplrcovö mpornyö Nrdyr<Äoq Mor< ApOoup ndvrrl oro

Oopnrcrö "Mroorjpr" orov r<ölno rou Törcro.

O B'flnyrcöoproq flöLeproq eixe reÄeuiloer. Or oo6rernc6g

orporuonrc6g Euvdperq ovdpeoo mrq 8 ror mrq 14 Auyoumou

O I \ , 1 E I _ A A E I I Y N O H I ( E I 2 3 9

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1945 rcqröLoGov öLeq ug ueptoxdg rou n Ätdoreqrn mg frdL'

toq eixe unooxeOei o-rov )rol,rv oe nepinttoon önou 0o 6pnot-

vr orov nöLetrro pe rnv lonr,rviq.

To nporörcoÄ-\o tnq Ätdoreqrnq rou flöroöop ötorvöovrov

üilö-rnv euxt'r Kqt tnv ent0upio vo ouv€xlororiv ot oppovrr<6g

oxöoerg pero(u tov ),uppdxcov. AÄLd riön n Euptirnn eixe xo'

protei oe Avoto).rrcn rot Aurtrh, pre öroqopettrcoüq rct ou'

yrpouöpevoug oröxoug. Aiyo opyötepo 0o xopr(ötov rcot öÄog

o rcöoproq. H Xdpro tou Opyovtopou Hvorp6vorv E0vöv nou

eixe unoypcrpei orov Ayo Opoyrciorco onq 26 Iouviou 1945 ono

rouq sKrpoodrnoug 50 rcpotöv (n floLtDviq uu6yporye.opyöre'

po rcot onotöl.eoe ro 51o pöLoq rorv röpurpröv xotpöv) pre orö-

xo -rn *örqrfpnon rnq öre0voriq erpdvng rcot oogotreio(, öev

rcoröpOarce vo epnoöioet ouröv rov ncpd[evo nö].epo, o onoi'

og ovopdornrce "Vuxpöq" rcqt Booovtoe oLör<trnpn rnv utpn'

Äro eni öercoedeq.

EnIME^EIA ENOETOY: AYTOYITINOt ZENAKoE. KEll\4ENA: IOANNA ZoYM. PH0T0 EDIT0R: BATTEAHI XANIOTAKHT

O0TOfPAOIA E:OOYMOY: AnO TH ^lAtKEqJH KOPYOHE THI rlAATAt (BETTIVIANN,/CORBIS/APEIRON)

2 4 O O I I V E T A A E I L Y N O H K E :

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