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TitleCacing tambang
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Table of Contents
                            Cacing tambang
	Isi
	[ sunting ]Tanda dan gejala
	[ sunting ]Patofisiologi
		[ sunting ]Morfologi
		[ sunting ]Patologi
		[ sunting ]Siklus Hidup
	[ sunting ]Diagnosis
	[ sunting ]Pencegahan
	[ sunting ]Manajemen
	[ sunting ]Epidemiologi
	[ sunting ]Sejarah
	[ sunting ]Penelitian
		[ sunting ]Anemia pada kehamilan
		[ sunting ]Malaria koinfeksi
		[ sunting ]Hipotesis Kebersihan
		[ sunting ]Vaksin
		[ sunting ]cacing tambang dalam terapi
	[ sunting ]fakta Cepat
	[ sunting ]Lihat pula
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Cacing tambang
Dari Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas

Tidak menjadi bingung dengan cacing kremi , Kurap , atau cacing gelang .

Necator

americanus danAncylostoma

duodenale

Klasifikasi ilmiah

Kerajaan: Animalia

Filum: Nematoda

Kelas: Secernentea

Order: Strongiloidae

Keluarga: Ancylostomatidae

Genus: Necator / Ancylostoma

Jenis

N. americanus

A. duodenale

The cacing tambang adalah parasit nematoda yang hidup di usus kecil dari inangnya, yang mungkin

menjadi mamalia seperti anjing , kucing , atau manusia . Dua spesies dari cacing tambang biasanya

menginfeksi manusia, Ancylostoma duodenale dan Necator americanus . A.duodenale dominan di Timur

Tengah , Afrika Utara , India , dan (sebelumnya) di selatan Eropa , sementara N. americanus menonjol

dalam Amerika , Sub-Sahara Afrika , Asia Tenggara , Cina ,

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dan Indonesia . Cacing tambang diperkirakan menginfeksi lebih dari 600
juta orang di seluruh
dunia. The A. braziliense dan A. tubaeforme spesies menginfeksi
kucing, sementara A. caninum menginfeksi anjing. Uncinaria
stenocephala menginfeksi anjing dan kucing. caninum
Ancylostoma telah terinfeksi manusia, dengan 150 kasus yang
dilaporkan di Brisbane, Australia 1988-1992. [1]

Cacing tambang yang jauh lebih kecil daripada cacing raksasa (Ascaris
lumbricoides), dan komplikasi migrasi jaringan dan obstruksi mekanik
sehingga sering diamati dengan infestasi cacing gelang kurang sering
pada kecacingan. Risiko paling signifikan dari infeksi cacing tambang
adalah anemia , sekunder terhadap hilangnya zat besi (dan protein )
dalam usus.Cacing mengisap darah lahap dan
merusak mukosa . Namun, kehilangan darah dalam tinja tidak terlihat
jelas.

Ancylostomiasis , juga dikenal dengan beberapa nama lain, adalah
penyakit yang disebabkan ketika A. duodenale cacing tambang, hadir
dalam jumlah besar, menghasilkan anemia defisiensi besi dengan
mengisap darah dari dinding usus inang.

Cacing tambang merupakan penyebab utama morbiditas ibu dan anak
di negara berkembang dari daerah tropis dan subtropis. Pada anak-anak
yang rentan cacing tambang menyebabkan keterbelakangan intelektual,
kognitif dan pertumbuhan, hambatan pertumbuhan dalam
kandungan , prematuritas , dan berat badan lahir rendah di antara bayi
yang baru lahir yang lahir dari ibu yang terinfeksi. Di negara maju, infeksi
cacing tambang jarang berakibat fatal, tetapi anemia dapat menjadi
signifikan dalam individu yang terinfeksi berat.

Isi

[hide]

 1 Tanda dan gejala

 2 Patofisiologi

o 2.1 Morfologi

o 2.2 Patologi

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Page 24

Pengobatan Albendazole , Mebendazol , atau pyrantel pamoate

Panjang dewasa
cacing tambang

(mm) [60]
5-9 untuk pria, 9-11 untuk wanita

8-11 untuk pria, 10-13 untuk
perempuan

Bentuk [60]
Kepala melengkung berlawanan

dengan kelengkungan tubuh,
memberikan penampilan doyan akhir

anterior

Berkesinambungan dalam arah
yang sama seperti tubuh

Kepala

Telur output per
cacing betina per

hari [59]
5,000-10,000 10,000-25,000

Kehilangan darah
per cacing per hari

(ml) [59]
0.03 0.15-0.23

Suhu di mana 90%
dari telur menetas

(° C) [59]
20-35 15-35

Diagnostik fitur -
dewasa

Semi-lunar pemotongan plat, sinar
punggung bipartit

Male - Tripartit dorsal ray

Fitur Diagnostik -
telur

Dalam morula

[ sunting ]Lihat pula

 Penyakit cacing tambang

 Cutaneous larva migrans (erupsi Creeping)

 Daftar parasit (manusia)

 Dr Lillian H. Selatan

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