Download Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook PDF

TitleCorrosion Resistant Materials Handbook
Tags Polyvinyl Chloride Acetic Acid Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)
File Size62.3 MB
Total Pages973
Document Text Contents
Page 1

CORROSION RESISTANT

MATERIALS

HANDBOOK

Fourth Edition

Edited by

D.J. De Renzo

NOYES DATA CORPORATION

Park Ridge, New Jersey, U.S.A.

Page 2

Copyright G 1985 by Noyes Data Corporation
No part of this book may be reproduced in any form

without permission in writing from the Publisher.
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 854872

ISBN o-8155-1023-3

Printed in the United States

Published in the United States of America by

Noyes Data Corporation
Mill Road, Park Ridge, New Jersey 07656

1098765432

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
Main entry under title:

Corrosion resistant materials handbook.

Rev. ed. of: Corrosion resistant materials handbook I

lbert Mellan. 3rd ed. 1976.

Includes indexes.
1. Corrosion resistant materials--Handbooks, manuals,

etc. I. De Renzo, D.J. II. Mellan, Ibert. Corrosion
resistant materials handbook.
TA418.75.C67 1985 620.1’1223 85-4872
ISBN o-8155-1023-3

Page 486

478 Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 4.13: VARIOUS STAINLESS STEELS AND HIGH NICKEL ALLOYS-CLIMAX MOLYBDENUM bnt’d)

Corrosion mediums

benzene. toluene. xylene. crude light oil and Coal By-
steam tlrght-ml strrpper, vapors) product

benzene. toluene. xylene, thiophene, hydrogen sul- Coal By
fide. oxygen. water, sulfur flight-oil condenser, product
vapors1 ffractrona-

tionl

benzene, totuene, xylene. throphene. hydrogen sul- : Coal By-
fide. oxygen, water, sulfur llight-orl condenser, : product
vapors)

benzene, vmyt acttale. some water Plastrc

BENZENE HEXACHLOR,DE

90%. methanol, sodrum nrtrate 0.5% Research

45%. methanol, sodrum ndrale 0.5%

25%. methanol, sodrum nrtrate 0.5%

Research

Research

25%. methanol Research

BLNZOYL CHLORIDE

benzoyl chlorrde fvaporsl

benzoyl chlorrde

Chemrcal L 75 30 - -

Chemrcal L R.T. 14 x

q .ORlC AClD

10%

50%

30%

15.7% approximately

2.5% treboderf

bow acrd. borax, sulfdes, sulfates. mrxed hquor Chemrcal
tborrc-acrd
manufacture)

F 130.
220

borrc acrd. solutron saturated with sulfur dioxide Chemrcal F 140

borrc acrd, sublrmed, impurrtres Chemrcal

99%. chlorine trace, dry except durrng shutdowns,
whdn hydrochlorrc and boric acid traces are
formed by hydrolysis

Chemrcal

Chemrcal

Research

Chemrcal
rdrstrllatronl

F 130.
220

31 xx-

45 xx xx 0 0047cd
0 002’cd

0.0002a

Chemrcal F 55.4 67 - xx : 0.0003 0.0007

F 190.
210

F 115.
257

F 95
220

F 85.
105

L 230

L 155

L 150

L 150

I 302

L 302

I 302

75

F 195

28 - x 0.0034bd

27 --.

156 x--

6

1 _-

1 --

1 --

70

45 - xx

45 x xx

Average corrosion rates (iPY)

TIPE TIPE TIPS ALLOY
304 316 317 “20” a25

-----

<0.0001 <0.0001

0.0003b . .

0.0013bd 0.0005b . . .

<0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001

0 93

0.083

0.022

1.6

0 005

0.0047

0.004

0.12

0 0042 0.003

0 0033bd 0.0008d

0.35
0.245

0.045

0.025

<o 0001

<0.0001
0.0002’

0 004gcd
O.OOl’b

0.0001

0.0001

x.0 OOOld \O.OOOld

.

(continued)

Page 487

Ferrous Alloys 479

TABLE 4.13: VARIOUS STAINLESS STEELS AND HIGH NICKEL ALLOYS-CLIMAX MOLYBDENUM bnt’d)

Corrosion mediums
Test

conditions Average corrosion rates (ipy)

T”PE TIPZ TIPS ALLOY
304 316 317 "20" 825

95%. chlorme 5%. dry except during shutdowns. I Chemrcal j F 53.6
when hydrochloric and boric acid traces are :
formed by hydrolysis; ferric chloride and alumi. i
nom chloride traces fcondenserl

60 - xx : 0.0021d 0.0019

0.29

0.73

00013

0.024

<0.0001

0.0029

<0.0001

0.001
0.002’

0.0007
0.0003’

0:027*

“II
0.0003

<0.0001

“II

‘,OOOOl
0 0002

boron trichloride, chlorme. ferrrc chlorrde. alumi.
“urn chlorrde, srhco” tetrachlorrde (filter inlet1

Chemrcal :F 158
(filtratro”) i

0.0019 0.0008 24 - xx i

14%. hydrolluoric acrd 0.2%. low pressure (vapors) Chemical F 212
(drstillatronJ

0.32 0.068 0.046

0.13 0.075

0.0012 0.0011

2.8 x x I

1.7 x xj

15 xxx;

19 x xx

14%. hydrofluorrc acid 0.2%. low pressure Chemrcal F 212
Idrstrllation)

<1.5%. aromatrc solvents. cresols. water trace Coal By- F 203
product

0.155%. polymerrzed hydrocarbon oils, pH 3.4-6.7 : Chemrcal
(Nevillac reactor)

F 77.
257

0.22

0.0011

0.012

boron trifluortde. polymerized hydrocarbon oils,
some hydrofluorrc and lluoroborrc acids, water Icon-
denser)

Chemical IF 105
(distillatron) I

92 - x <0.0001

boron trrlluorrde trace, polymerized and neutralized
hydrocarbon 011s (vessel bottom)

boron trlfluorrde anhydrous. anrsole (methylphenyl
ether1

Chemrcal F 105
: 230

17.5 x xx

Research 302 32 -

0.0009

0.0003

boron trrfluorrde anhydrous, fluorides, pH 4.7 (de- Chemical F 77
canter) idtstrllationl

boron-trilluoride etherate I” hydrocarbon 011. pos-
srbly slight hydrolyses of boron trrfluorrde

Chemrcal

bororvtrrfluorrde etherate m hydrocarbon 011. pos-
sibly shght hydrolysis of boron trifluoride (vapors)

Chemrcal

1.5 vol%. varrous crude hydrocarbon mrxtures Chemrcal

150.5 ~01%. various unsaturated hydrocarbons,
waler O-O 08%

IhI”

F 70.
135

F 70.
135

F 178

F 165

154 x xx <0.0001

F 185

f 66.
113

F 125

F 131.
156

347

42 x xi

42 x--I

0.0005

0.0005

15 -xxx;

12 - xxj

0.023

0.009 0.005 0.009

BUTANE

90%. rsobutane 1%. acetic sod 0.5%. water 0.5% “II
0.00015

<0.0001

Chemtcal

Rayon

Chemical

Rayon

Chemrcal

276 x x

363 - xx

108 x-

360 - x

210 xx xx

99%. acelrc acrd 1%. ketones. esters. water. car-
bon droxrde

65%. acetrc acrd IO%, carbonyls and esters 22%.
water 3%

60%. waler, ethyl acetate, methylethyl ketone.
methyl acetate, acetone, esters, ketones. alcohols

56%. varroos organrcs 27%. nrtrogen 10%. acetic
acrd 4%. water 2%. carbon droxrde 1%

“II
L “II

<0.0001
0.0001

0.0003 0.0003 0.0002

(continued)

Page 972

964 Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

Wax (cont’d)

Molten - 64
Refined, petroleum - 281, 818

Wax crayon, pencil - 141, 235
Wedac - 141
Weed killers - 15, 24, 25, 156, 161, 195, 217, 235,

276, 281,616,796,845,881

Wemco C - 366,881
Wesson oil (see Foods)

Wet gases from copper smelting - 62

Wetting agents - 115, 629, 853
Wheat germ oil - 141
Whey - 62,217, 721
White acid - 219

White caustic - 838
White copperas - 838
White iodine - 235
White lead, sublimed - 836
White lead sulfate - 838
White liquor, pulp mill - 31, 44, 46, 51, 59, 94,

150, 151, 154, 168, 173, 217, 271,418, 783,

845,853,881,888,890

White liquor with black liquor - 418
White oil - 156, 366
White pine oil - 291, 293, 366

White spirit - 64, 94, 119, 141
White vitriol (see Zinc sulfate)

White water - 217, 845
White wax - 235
Whiting - 629, 838 (see Calcium carbonate)

Wick test, modified - 423
Wine

Fermentation - 217
Storage - 217

Winery waste - 217
Wintergreen oil (see Methyl salicylate and

Essential oils)

Wire pickling fumes - 217
Witch hazel distilled - 146, 231
Wolmar salt - 366
Wood - 629

Wood alcohol (see Methyl alcohol)

Wood creosote - 629

Wood fractions - 721
Wood oil - 283,291, 293,366,838
Wood preservatives - 630
Wood pulp - 94

Wood tar - 838
Wood vinegar (see Pyroligneous acid)

Wool oil - 67, 156
Worcestershire sauce - 146, 229

Xenon - 366
X-ray developer solution - 740, 770
Xylene, xylol - 2, 9, 11, 18, 26, 31, 34, 38, 39,

41, 43, 44,45, 46, 51, 53, 59, 60, 64, 66, 94,

103, 106, 108, 111, 112, 113, 115, 119, 121,

141, 146, 148, 150, 151, 154, 156, 157, 168,

173, 178, 217, 219, 229, 237, 241, 246, 249,

262, 271, 283, 285, 286, 290, 291, 293,301,

304, 307, 309, 312, 315, 366, 371, 372, 373,

374, 378, 382, 386, 387, 388, 390, 392, 393,

394, 395, 404, 411, 607,630, 632, 663, 721,

728,789,820,838,845,853,881,888,890

Xylene mixtures - 217, 607, 721
Xylenol - 64
Xylidenes - 366, 822, 838, 881

Yeast (see Foods)

Yeast wort - 727
Yogurt (see Foods)

Zeolites - 366, 721, 838, 881
Zeric - 283, 820
Zimmite, mud remover - 217
Zinc acetate - 173, 283, 366, 630, 788, 820, 838,

881

Zinc ammonium chloride - 784, 788, 881
Zinc borate - 630
Zinc bromide - 232
Zinc carbonate - 94, 146, 232, 439, 607, 662, 721,

763

Zinc casting fumes - 217
Zinc chlorate - 51, 168
Zinc chloride - 12, 20, 31, 34, 38, 59, 60, 62, 64,

66,67,94, 106, 108, 109, 110, 115, 119, 141,

146, 147, 151, 152, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158,

173, 178, 217, 219, 222, 232, 237, 246, 249,

262, 271, 283, 291, 301, 303, 306, 309, 311,

314,366, 373, 374, 378, 382, 383, 386, 388,

390, 392, 393, 394, 395, 397, 398,404,411,

439, 607, 608, 630, 632, 646, 647, 653, 662,

721, 727, 728, 732, 735, 740, 755, 763, 770,

776, 778, 784, 788, 800, 804, 808, 820,838,

845,847,881,883,888,890

Zinc chloride, chromated - 721
Zinc chloride flux - 721
Zinc chromate - 31, 630, 820
Zinc cyanide - 31, 94, 156, 784, 881
Zinc dihydrogen phosphate - 721
Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate - 217
Zinc electrolytic cells - 217
Zinc fluoborate - 217
Zinc fluosilicate - 608, 662, 721
Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate - 608
Zinc hydrate - 67, 283
Zinc hydrosulfite - 108, 217, 262, 662, 721, 788,

845,881

Zinc, molten - 94, 642, 732, 740, 770, 780

Zinc naphthenate - 630
Zinc nitrate - 31, 51, 59, 94, 154, 156, 168, 217,

237, 246, 262, 271, 303, 306, 309, 311, 314,

370, 372, 373, 374, 382, 386, 390,404,411,

630,784,881

Page 973

Corrosive Material Index 965

Zinc oxide - 20, 64, 119, 141, 232, 283, 630
Zinc oxide ointment - 231
Zinc phosphate - 173, 217, 881
Zinc plating solution (see Plating solutions, zinc)

Zinc salts - 150, 367, 853, 881
Zinc smelter fumes - 217
Zinc stearate - 94, 146, 232, 630

Zinc sulfacarbolate - 232
Zinc sulfate - 31, 34, 51, 59, 60, 64, 67, 94, 106,

108, 109, 113, 115, 119, 141, 151, 152, 154,

156, 168, 173, 178, 217, 219, 222, 232, 237,

246, 262, 271 I 283, 366, 373, 374, 382, 386,
388, 390, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398,

404, 411, 439, 608, 630, 632, 653, 662, 721,

728, 732, 733, 735, 740, 763, 770, 776, 778,

784, 788, 796, 800, 804, 808, 820, 838, 845,

881,883,888,890

Zinc sulfate fumes - 721
Zinc sulfate-sulfuric acid - 384, 721
Zinc sulfite - 217
Zinc vitriol (see Zinc sulfate)

Zircex solutions - 722
Zircex liquid phase hydrochlorination - 721
Zirconium chloride - 722
Zirconium raffinate - 46
Zirconium tetrachloride - 608
Zirconium tetrachloride fumes _ 722

Similer Documents