TagsAnglo Saxons William The Conqueror Celts Roman Britain Danelaw
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Total Pages59
Table of Contents
                            The Middle Ages
The Early Middle Ages
The Later Middle Ages
The Renaissance
	The Tudors
	The Reformation
	The Elizabethan Age
	The Enlightenment
The Stuarts
	Charles I, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1625 to 1649, inherited many of his father’s ideas, including the belief in the divine right of the king and in the authority of the Church of England. Because of these ideas, Charles, just like his father, came into conflict with Parliament, which finally led to civil war. Charles summoned and dissolved three Parliaments in four years because they refused to accept the king’s arbitrary measures relating to the subjects’ obligation to pay for military expenditure under imprisonment penalty. These measures were at the basis of Parliament’s claims formulated in the 1628 Petition of Right. Although Charles signed the petition, in 1629 he dismissed Parliament and would not summon it again for the next eleven years, during which he took exceptional financial measures to meet his expenses. It was only in 1640 that, in need of an army and funds to put down the rebellion of the Scots on whom he had tried to impose the Anglican liturgy, Charles convoked Parliament again. The summoning was only circumstantial and as Parliament refused to satisfy the king’s demands and insisted on peace with Scotland, it was dissolved after one month only. That is why Charles’ fourth Parliament is known as the Short Parliament. Yet, as he had exhausted finances, in 1641 Charles called his fifth Parliament, the Long Parliament, and he agreed to abolish arbitrary taxation and to see to Parliament not being dissolved without Parliament’s permission. The Scottish revolt was followed by an Irish one, which Charles was likely to put down only if he was supported by Parliament to raise an army. Not only did Parliament refuse support, but it also made further claims for the right of Parliament to approve the king’s ministers. As Charles tried to impose his will by force, he aroused the country’s anger and had to run away.
		The English Civil War
		The Restoration
		The Glorious Revolution
		The Hanoverians
		The Industrial Revolution
		The American Revolution
		The Enlightenment
		The Victorian Age
			Victorian Politics
			The Second British Empire
				Britain in the Latter Half of the Twentieth Century

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