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Page 1


To the Teacher 3

Before Reading 5

After Reading: Extra Challenges 6

Final Test 7

Answers to Final Test 8

Answers to Activities in the Reader 9

Answers to Cross-Curricular Focus 11

Dr Jekyll and
Mr Hyde
Robert Louis Stevenson

T E A C H E R ’ S M AT E R I A L

Before using the following teacher’s material, we recommend that you visit the Teacher’s Zone
at and consult the Burlington Activity Reader Series general
information leaflet. The Final Test in this teacher’s material is also available in editable
Word format from the website. The Student’s Zone on the site offers additional activities.

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Page 2

List of Main CharaCters

Dr Jekyll: a scientist. Mr Enfield: Mr Utterson’s friend.

Mr Hyde: an evil, violent man. Dr Lanyon: a friend of Mr Utterson and Dr Jekyll.

Mr Utterson: a middle-aged London lawyer. Poole: Dr Jekyll’s butler.

PLot suMMary

Every Sunday, Mr Utterson and Mr Enfield go for a walk together. One day, they pass the door of an old
building and Enfield tells Utterson about a strange man called Edward Hyde, who sometimes comes to the
building. Hyde once cruelly hurt a little girl and her family demanded money from him. Hyde gave them
cash and a cheque in somebody else’s name. Utterson recognises the name, Hyde, and thinks he knows
the man whose name was on the cheque. He is worried. At home, Utterson re-reads the will of one of his
clients, Dr Henry Jekyll. The will states that if Jekyll dies or disappears, his money and possessions will
go to Edward Hyde. Utterson is curious about Hyde and goes to his house to meet him. He dislikes Hyde
and feels he is evil. Utterson then goes to Jekyll’s house around the corner. Jekyll’s laboratory and the back
door of Hyde’s house open onto the same courtyard. Jekyll’s butler, Poole, tells Utterson that Hyde has got
a key to Jekyll’s laboratory and often goes there with Jekyll’s permission. Utterson suspects that Hyde is
blackmailing Jekyll. Jekyll denies this, saying he is in control and can get rid of Hyde at any time.

Almost a year later, a maid witnesses Hyde murdering an old gentleman and calls the police. The police
find a letter to Utterson in the gentleman’s pocket. They give the letter to Utterson, who identifies the
victim. Utterson takes the police to Hyde’s house. In Hyde’s rooms, they find a partly burned chequebook
and the murder weapon. The police start to search for Hyde.

Utterson thinks Jekyll is hiding Hyde, but Jekyll says he’s no longer in contact with him. Jekyll shows
Utterson a letter from Hyde saying that he will not return, which Utterson shows to his clerk, who is a
handwriting expert. A note from Jekyll arrives for Utterson. Strangely, the handwriting on the letter and the
note is identical. Shortly after this, Jekyll becomes ill and refuses to see anyone, staying in his laboratory
most of the time. Lanyon is also very ill. Utterson visits him and tells him that Jekyll is ill, but Lanyon is
distracted. Lanyon dies, leaving Utterson a letter, to be opened only after Jekyll’s death or disappearance.

One day, Utterson and Enfield enter the courtyard behind Jekyll’s house and see Jekyll at the laboratory
window. They talk to him, but Jekyll suddenly looks terrified and abruptly closes the window. Soon after
this, Poole asks Utterson to come to Jekyll’s house because he fears something has happened to Jekyll. His
voice has changed and he refuses to open the door. He is desperate for a certain chemical and sends Poole
to buy it many times, but then throws away every batch Poole brings, claiming it isn’t pure. Poole says the
man inside the laboratory wears a mask and is much shorter than Jekyll. Poole suspects it is Hyde.

Utterson goes to the laboratory and demands to be allowed in. The man inside refuses and Utterson
recognises Hyde’s voice. While Utterson and Poole break the door down, Hyde drinks a chemical and
commits suicide. When Utterson and Poole enter the room, they find Hyde’s dead body, dressed in clothes
which don’t fit him. Certain that Hyde has killed Jekyll, the two men look for Jekyll’s body. They find a
new will and a note to Utterson, in Jekyll’s handwriting, written that day. The note instructs Utterson to
read Lanyon’s letter first and his letter afterwards. Utterson goes home to read both letters. Lanyon’s letter
describes a frightening meeting he had with Hyde, who then turned into Jekyll. This meeting affected
Lanyon’s health and led to his death.

Jekyll’s letter describes the chemical experiments he did to divide his body into the good Dr Jekyll and
the bad Mr Hyde. After Hyde committed murder, Jekyll knew the experiments couldn’t continue and he
stopped taking the potion. But a few weeks later, Jekyll turned into Hyde, without taking any potion. This
happened several times. Each time, he took the potion to become Jekyll again. But there was only a little
potion left. He tried to buy new chemicals but they didn’t work, as one ingredient was missing. Jekyll knew
that the next time he became Hyde, he wouldn’t be able to turn himself back into Jekyll. As he didn’t want
to live as Hyde, he chose to end his life instead.


D r J e k y l l a n d M r H y d e

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about the author

Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894) was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a very sickly child. At first,
he studied engineering but as he was not physically strong enough for that profession, he decided to study
law instead. By the time he finished his studies, he had already decided to become a writer. Stevenson had a
chronic bronchial condition and spent much of his life looking for a suitable climate to live in.

Stevenson loved the bohemian life, the sea, the outdoors and adventure. He also loved to read literature and
history, especially Scottish history. These interests provided much of the background for his novels.

In 1876, Stevenson went to France, where he met an American woman, Mrs Fanny van de Grift Osbourne,
who was studying art in Paris and separated from her husband. Fanny returned to the United States and after
she got a divorce, Stevenson followed her to California, where they married. Treasure Island, Stevenson’s
first full-length novel, was published in 1883. In 1886, two more novels were published: Kidnapped and
The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, a horror story that delves into the presence of good and
evil that is found in every person. The Master of Ballantrae and Catriona, the sequel to Kidnapped, were
published in the next ten years.

Stevenson’s romantic novels were a reaction against the realism that influenced the literature of the late
1800s. He was optimistic and his plots were melodramatic. His characters, especially the pirates and
soldiers, were theatrical. Stevenson felt that novels provided adventure for people who led unexciting lives.

In 1888, Stevenson and his family settled in Apia, Samoa. He got to know the islanders very well and some
of his poetry is based on Samoan legends. He was very popular with the islanders, who called him Tusitala,
“teller of tales”. He died in Samoa of a brain haemorrhage in 1894 and was buried on the top of a mountain
overlooking Apia harbour. The inscription on his gravestone comes from one of his own poems, Requiem,
and reads:

Here he lies where he longed to be;
Home is the sailor, home from the sea,
And the hunter, home from the hill.


• Scotland Yard is the headquarters of the London Metropolitan Police force in England. However, it
has now become synonymous with the Criminal Investigation Department, or the CID, which handles
criminal investigations. Scotland Yard is famous all over the world for its ability to solve the most
puzzling crimes. Other police departments in the United Kingdom turn to Scotland Yard for help with
difficult cases. Scotland Yard is supposed to have got its name from the fact that the building once
belonged to the Kings of Scotland. When they or their ambassadors were in London, they stayed there.
They called it “Scotland”, so the courtyard was called Scotland Yard.

• The 19th century was a time of great interest and progress in science and technology. Chemists
began to study chemicals and microorganisms and their effect on the body. One of the most important
discoveries in medicine was by the French chemist, Louis Pasteur (1822-1895). Pasteur proved that one
species of microorganism can kill another. This research led to the later invention of antibiotics. The
developments in the 19th century changed the way the world worked and brought it into the modern
technological age.

D r J e k y l l a n d M r H y d e

Page 4

Ask the questions and elicit the answers from the whole class. Some possible answers are provided in
italics. If you prefer, students can work in pairs or small groups.

suggestions for Lead-in aCtivities

1. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is a horror story. What kinds of things do you expect to find in a horror story?
(imaginative and possibly shocking events; unreal things happening; lots of fear and suspense)

2. Some people have different, conflicting sides to their personality. In what ways can this conflict appear?
(Part of them wants to do one thing, but another part wants to do something very different; part of them
is good, part is bad.)

3. What instruments do you need to do a scientific experiment? (glass tubes and bottles; chemical
apparatus; heat; water; chemicals) What happens when you mix different chemicals? (the colours may
change; vapour may form; new shapes or forms are created)

4. In the story, the butler has worked for his employer for 20 years. What do you think their relationship is
like after such a long time? (They know each other well; they trust and respect each other; they worry
and care about each other; they feel responsible for one another.)

5. What should you do if you see or suspect a crime? (call the police; tell the criminals you know they are
doing something illegal; nothing because it’s too dangerous)

before reading aCtivities

1. Look at the picture on the front cover. What do you think is happening? (A man is looking in the mirror
but sees an image of someone who does not resemble him. Perhaps he has drunk something that makes
him imagine things. There are chemicals on the table – maybe he did some chemical experiment.)

2. Look at the picture on page 9. When and where do you think the story takes place? (in the 19th century
because of the clothes; in a city) What are the people doing? (They are helping a young girl who seems
to be ill.) Describe the man in the front of the picture. What can you guess about him? (An evil-looking
man is watching the crowd. He seems to be guilty.)

3. Read the last four lines of Chapter 1 on page 10. What do you learn about the character called Hyde?
(He’s short and he’s got dark hair; there’s something strange and evil about him; he gives an impression
of deformity; he’s detestable.)

4. Read lines 4-7 on page 17. What do you learn about Dr Jekyll’s relationships with Mr Hyde and
Mr Utterson? (Dr Jekyll has an interest in Mr Hyde and wants to make sure things are easy for him
after his death; Mr Utterson is Dr Jekyll’s lawyer and must do as Dr Jekyll asks.)

5. Look at the picture on page 21. What do you think happened in the room? (There was a fight or struggle.
Perhaps someone wanted to find something in the room.)

6. Read the letter on page 24. What do you think the writer means by saying “a way to escape”? (The
writer is going to disappear or perhaps commit suicide.)


D r J e k y l l a n d M r H y d e

Page 5

Make your students think

Here are some points that more advanced students can be asked to consider after reading the book.

1. Why do you think Dr Jekyll wanted to divide himself into two different people?

2. What was the conflict between Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde?

3. Do you think that Mr Hyde can be blamed for his bad behaviour? Explain your answer.

4. Imagine that you are Mr Utterson. What would you do after reading Dr Lanyon’s and Dr Jekyll’s letters?

5. After Carew’s murder, Dr Jekyll tells Utterson, “I learned a lesson, a terrible lesson!” What was the

6. Do you think Poole was correct or incorrect to turn to Mr Utterson instead of to the police? Give
reasons for your answer.

draMa aCtivities and ProjeCt suggestions

1. In small groups, work together to design a WANTED poster for Mr Hyde. Draw a picture of him. Write
a few words on your poster, in English, describing him and his crime. Offer a reward for his capture.

2. Work with a partner. Discuss Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Make a list of their similarities and differences.
Then compare your list with another pair of students.

3. Work in groups of three. Each of you must choose a character in the story, but don’t tell your group
who you’ve chosen. The group must guess who your character is by taking turns asking questions. You
may only answer Yes or No. When you have finished, decide which of the characters was the hardest to

4. Work in groups of five or six students and act out the scene after Mr Hyde hurt the little girl in the

5. Work with a partner and act out one of the following scenes: a) Hyde’s midnight visit to Dr Lanyon;
b) Utterson’s subsequent visit to Dr Lanyon; c) Poole’s visit to Mr Utterson.

6. Mr Hyde is looking for a new housekeeper. Write an advert for a newspaper. Include all the relevant
information you can think of, e.g. the working conditions and the characteristics that will be important
to him.

7. Work with a partner. Act out the conversation that Utterson has with a policeman from Scotland Yard
after he notifies them of Carew’s death.

8. Imagine you are Dr Jekyll. Write the entry in your diary to describe how you felt the last time that Poole
brought you the wrong chemicals.

9. a. Write two short notes. Try to change your handwriting in each. Then compare the shape, size and
slant of each letter in each note. Which letters are the same in both notes? Which are different? Was it
easy to change your handwriting?

b. Now use an encyclopedia or search the Internet to find out information about handwriting and
graphology. Write a paragraph and read it to the class.


D r J e k y l l a n d M r H y d e

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4. Dr Jekyll discovered a way
a. for each part of his personality to get

its own body.
b. to change his handwriting completely.
c. to change into any form he wanted.

5. Dr Jekyll couldn’t continue with the
experiment because

a. he understood that it was very dangerous.
b. he was frightened of Hyde.
c. he couldn’t find an important chemical

for the potion.

6. Dr Jekyll finally disappeared because
a. Hyde killed Dr Jekyll with his cane.
b. Hyde was stronger and he couldn’t

change back to Jekyll.
c. Poole and Utterson opened the

laboratory door.

A Choose the correct answer.

1. Mr Utterson recognised Sir Danvers Carew
a. he once saw his picture in the newspaper.
b. Sir Danvers Carew was his client.
c. they were close friends.

2. According to Mr Guest,
a. Hyde’s handwriting showed that he was
b. Hyde’s and Jekyll’s handwriting were

completely different.
c. Hyde’s and Jekyll’s handwriting were

almost identical.

3. Poole was sure that
a. Dr Jekyll was dead and someone else was

in his room.
b. Dr Jekyll murdered Hyde.
c. Dr Jekyll was very ill and wouldn’t get

30 points (5 points each)

B Choose the correct answer.
Dr Jekyll was a (1. well-known / pale) man but he was (2. bored / boring) with his life. He wanted to

express both the good and evil sides of his nature. He did experiments and one day he (3. found / has
found) a potion with unusual (4. powers / footsteps). This potion (5. caused / burned) his body to
separate into two parts – the good and bad side of his personality.

Jekyll drank the potion and (6. changed / was changing) into Edward Hyde. Finally, the Hyde side
became (7. stronger / strongest) than the Jekyll side. Dr Jekyll wanted to stop taking the potion but
he couldn’t resist the (8. view / temptation). One night, Jekyll drank the potion and this time, Hyde
was more violent than before. He (9. murdered / cancelled) Sir Danvers Carew with his cane. A maid
was looking out her window and (10. escaped / recognised) Mr Hyde. She was very (11. shocked /
reasonable) and she became (12. hairy / unconscious). Later, she (13. called / was called) the police.
They arrived and found a letter in Carew’s pocket addressed to Jekyll’s lawyer, Mr Utterson.

Utterson and Poole went to Jekyll’s room but found someone else there. It was Hyde! Jekyll knew that
if he continued as Mr Hyde, he (14. will be / would be) in danger. However, there was now no more
potion and so Hyde (15. committed suicide / kept it secret).

45 points (3 points each)

C Choose one topic and write a paragraph. Your paragraph should be at least �0 words long.
1. Dr Jekyll was very different from Mr Hyde. Compare the two men.

2. Describe the relationship between Dr Lanyon and Dr Jekyll.

3. Explain why Mr Utterson played an important part in the story.

25 points

D r J e k y l l a n d M r H y d e

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A 1. b
2. c

3. a

4. a

5. c

6. b

B 1. well-known 6. changed 11. shocked
2. bored 7. stronger 12. unconscious

3. found 8. temptation 13. called

4. powers 9. murdered 14. would be

5. caused 10. recognised 15. committed suicide

C Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.
Possible points for inclusion:

1. Dr Jekyll was basically good and wanted to have friends and a good reputation. Mr Hyde was bad.
Dr Jekyll was tall and strong, but Mr Hyde was short, with hairy hands. Dr Jekyll didn’t want to do
evil things and could control his actions. Mr Hyde, however, wanted to be bad and seemed to have
no control over his actions. Jekyll was friendly and kind, but Hyde was violent and cruel.

2. Dr Lanyon and Dr Jekyll were very old friends. They met at dinner parties and were very
comfortable with each other. However, they no longer visited each other very often and when they
did, they argued about scientific questions. Dr Jekyll was able to ask Dr Lanyon for help when
he needed it, even though the request seemed very strange. Dr Lanyon did what Dr Jekyll asked
according to his strange instructions, but finally Lanyon didn’t even want to hear about Dr Jekyll.

3. The story is told from Mr Utterson’s perspective except for Dr Lanyon’s letter and Dr Jekyll’s
confession at the end. Mr Utterson is both Dr Jekyll’s and Dr Lanyon’s friend and each of them
explains his part of the story to Mr Utterson. Mr Utterson also knows of a strange relationship
between Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, brings the police to Mr Hyde’s house after the murder and finally,
breaks into Dr Jekyll’s laboratory with Poole. This caused Mr Hyde to commit suicide.

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1 Adjectives: evil, worried

Verbs: punish, enter

Nouns: messenger, master, envelope, bottle

2 1. c 2. e 3. f 4. a 5. g 6. d 7. b

CHAPTERS 1-2 ACTIVITIES (pages 14-15)

1 1. f 2. e 3. b 4. c 5. d 6. a

2 A. chimney D. servants

B. smoke E. envelope

C. key

1. servants 4. chimney

2. key 5. envelope

3. smoke

3 1. Mr Enfield 4. Mr Hyde

2. Dr Jekyll 5. Dr Lanyon

3. Mr Utterson

4 1. He was short and had dark hair. He was
well dressed but there was something evil
about him.

2. He gave the girl’s family some money and a

3. There was another person’s name on the

4. He seldom visits Mr Jekyll because they
always argue.

5. Mr Utterson waited for Mr Hyde at the
building with the old door.

6. His impression of Mr Hyde was that he was

CHAPTERS �-� ACTIVITIES (pages 22-23)

1 1. a 2. b 3. b 4. b 5. a 6. a

2 1. purse 4. beside

2. unconscious 5. no doubt

3. view

3 1. d 2. c 3. a 4. e 5. b

4 1. Dr Jekyll asked Utterson to help Hyde after
his death.

2. The maid saw Hyde hitting an old gentleman
and jumping on him until he was dead.

3. The two mistakes Hyde made were that he
kept his cane and that he burned his

4. The police waited for him in the bank.

5. He was interested in chemistry.

6. He looked ill.

CHAPTERS �-� ACTIVITIES (pages 30-31)


2 1. manner 4. the poor

2. covered 5. at peace

3. reward

3 1. T 2. F 3. F 4. T 5. F 6. F

4 1. Dr Jekyll knew about the murder because the
newspaper boys were shouting the news.

2. Dr Jekyll showed him a letter from Hyde.

3. Mr Guest discovered that Jekyll’s and Hyde’s
handwriting were similar.

4. Dr Jekyll was at peace after Hyde’s
disappearance. He was busy and invited
people to his home.

5. Dr Lanyon was ill because he had a shock.

6. Inside the letter was a closed envelope.


u 2e 3 s

4 d f

5 e e r

s q a r

m s s n g e




a i




D r J e k y l l a n d M r H y d e

Page 9

CHAPTERS �-� ACTIVITIES (pages 38-39)

1 1. enter 4. footsteps

2. master 5. alive

3. triumph 6. glass

2 1. mask 4. candle

2. knocking 5. quality

3. reasonable 6. bottom

Dr Jekyll wanted a certain chemical.

3 1. c 2. a 3. b 4. c

4 1. He thinks Jekyll is worried about something
because he just stays in his room above the
laboratory and doesn’t do anything.

2. Utterson and Enfield were frightened
because they saw an expression of terror on
Jekyll’s face.

3. Poole suspects that there has been a crime.

4. The person in the room demands a certain
chemical every day.

5. Utterson explains to Poole that his master
has got a strange illness. The illness changes
his voice and appearance and the chemical
helps him become normal again.

6. The footsteps were different to Jekyll’s

CHAPTERS �-10 ACTIVITIES (pages 46-47)


2 1. demand 6. grab

2. midnight 7. smell

3. bottle 8. cancel

4. lost 9. commit

5. impatient

3 1. Hyde’s 4. Dr Lanyon

2. glass 5. Hyde

3. Jekyll

4 1. There were chemicals in the cupboard.

2. In Jekyll’s will, Utterson’s name appeared.

3. According to Jekyll’s note, he disappeared.

4. Jekyll asked Lanyon to get the drawer in the

5. Jekyll’s messenger put some of the chemical
in the glass with the red liquid.

6. Lanyon saw the man’s body and face change.
He watched Hyde change into Dr Jekyll.

CHAPTERS 11-12 ACTIVITIES (pages 54-55)

1 1. b 2. c 3. d 4. a

2 1. powers 4. temptation

2. hairy 5. bench

3. certain

3 1. b 2. b 3. c 4. a 5. c

4 1. He tried to hide the wild and bad side of his

2. At first, he felt nauseous but then he felt
strange and new.

3. Jekyll took the potion more often because he
enjoyed being Hyde.

4. Before the murder, Jekyll chose to be Hyde.
That became a problem because Hyde
became stronger and started to do horrible

5. After the murder, Jekyll worked hard to help

6. Dr Jekyll will disappear forever because he
will change into Hyde for the last time.

Answers to Activities in the Reader continued

m i d n i g h t

s m e l l r i c

w p m o i a r g

s a a u l b d b

p t n n u a e o

t i d p l o s t

l e c o m m i t

e n c a n c e l

p t r b i q o e


D r J e k y l l a n d M r H y d e

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