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Page 2

C O M P L E T E

F R E N C H
T H E B A S I C S

Written by
CarolAnn D’Annunzio

Edited by
Zvjezdana Vrzić, Ph.D.

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10 Unit 1: Greetings and Introductions

Lesson 2 (phrases)

PHRASE LIST 1
ENCORE DES EXPRESSIONS DE POLITESSE (More polite expres-
sions)

S’il vous plaît. Please.

Il n’y a pas de quoi. You’re welcome.

De rien. You’re welcome.

Je vous en prie. You’re welcome. (lit., I beg of you.)

Me voici. Here I am.

Je suis ravi/ravie de faire I’m delighted to make your acquaintance.
votre connaissance.

Ça va bien. Everything is well.

Ça va très bien. Everything is really well.

Ça va mal. It’s not going well. (lit., It’s going badly.)

Ça va comme-ci comme-ça. Everything is so-so.

en français in French

en anglais in English

de Paris from Paris

en France in France

C’est . . . It is . . .

des États-Unis from the United States

aux États-Unis to the United States

NUTS & BOLTS 1
The verb ÊTRE (to be) in the present tense
Now let’s look at one of the most important verbs, être (to be).
The subject pronouns that you have previously learned are paired
with present tense forms of the verb être in the table below.
When we change the forms of a verb to match the different sub-
jects, as in the English I speak but she speaks, we say that we conju-
gate the verb. So, let’s learn how to conjugate the verb être.

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Page 22

Lesson 2 11

SINGULAR PLURAL

je suis I am nous sommes we are

tu es (infml.) you are vous êtes (pl., sg. fml.) you are

il est he is ils sont (m.) they are

elle est she is elles sont (f.) they are

Marie est américaine.

Marie is American.

Marie takes the place of elle; therefore, we have Marie est
(Marie is).

Mes amis sont français.

My friends are French.

Mes amis takes the place of ils; therefore, we have Mes amis
sont (My friends are).

PRACTICE 1
Look at the following sentences. Fill in the blanks with the cor-
rect form of the verb être. Use the English translation for help.

1. Tu _____ mon ami. You are my friend.

2. Marie _____ de Paris. Marie is from Paris.

3. Marc _____ anglais. Marc is English.

4. Nous _____ français. We are French.

5. Jean et Louis, vous _____ français. Jean and Louis, you are French.

6. Je _____ professeur. I am a teacher.

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Page 41

30 Unit 1: Greetings and Introductions

UNIT 1 ESSENTIALS
Here are some of the most important phrases and expressions
you’ve learned in this unit.

Bonjour! Good day!

Bonsoir! Good evening!

Comment allez-vous? How are you?

Ça va? Is everything okay?/How’s it going?

Ça va bien. Everything is well./It’s going well.

Comment vous What is your name?
appelez-vous? (fml.)

Je m’appelle . . . My name is . . .

De quelle origine/nationalité What’s your origin/nationality?
êtes-vous? (fml.)

Salut! Hello!/Hi!/Bye!

Au revoir! Good-bye!

À bientôt! See you soon!

Où est . . . ? Where is . . . ?

Merci! Thank you!

Il n’y a pas de quoi! You’re welcome!

S’il vous plaît. Please.

À demain! See you tomorrow!

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Page 42

To purchase a copy of 

The Basics 
Complete French:  

 

visit one of these online retailers: 

 

Amazon 

 

Barnes & Noble 

 

Borders 

 

IndieBound 

 

Powell’s Books 

 

Random House 

 

www.LivingLanguage.com

http://www.amazon.com/Complete-French-Basics-Basic-Courses/dp/1400024099?tag=randohouseinc22-20
http://search.barnesandnoble.com/French/Living-Language/e/9781400024100/&afsrc=1&lkid=J28248944&pubid=K124596&byo=1
http://www.tkqlhce.com/click-2665379-10568661?url=http://www.borders.com/online/store/TitleDetail?sku=1400024099&cmpid=pub-rh-155
http://www.indiebound.org/book/9781400024094
http://powells.com/biblio/62-9781400024094-0
http://www.randomhouse.com/catalog/display.pperl?isbn=9781400024094&ref=externallink_livlang_excerpt_9781400024094_08-09
http://www.randomhouse.com/livinglanguage/display.pperl?isbn=9781400024636&ref=externallink_livlang_excerpt_9781400024636_08-09

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