Download Jerome Wagner - An Introduction to the Enneagram (1996) PDF

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Table of Contents
                            An Introduction to the Enneagram: Personality Styles and Where You Fit (1996)
Table of Contents
Foreword
by Helen Palmer
Foreword by Thomas Condon
Introduction
	CORE SELF OR ESSENCE OR OBJECTIVE PARADIGM
	Exercise 1-What is the purpose of life?
	Exercise 2-If you only had one year to live, what would you
do?
	Exercise 3-Write your own personal mission statement.
	Exercise 4-What do you really want?
	Enneagram Personality Style Profile
	PERSONALITY OR PUBLIC SELF OR SUBJECTIVE PARADIGM
	Exercise 5-How have you survived?
	Exercise 6-Where have you been looking for what you want in the wrong places?
	AREA OF AVOIDANCE
	Exercise 7-Me and Not-Me
	Exercise 8-Reowning the Not-Me
	Exercise 9-Reframing the Not-Me
	Exercise 10-What are you afraid of?
	Exercise 11-How do your fears keep you trapped in your false personality or ego?
	Exercise 12-Where are the edges of your paradigm?
	Exercise 13-If you break this rule or taboo or cross this boundary, what are you afraid will happen?
	Exercise 14-What do you need to do to stop worshipping this idol?
	DEFENSE MECHANISMS
	Exercise 15-What are your defense mechanisms?
	OBJECTIVE PRINCIPLES AND PARADIGMS / ADAPTIVE COGNITIVE SCHEMAS
	Exercise 16-When you are in a resourceful state, what beliefs are in place that align you with reality?
	SUBJECTIVE OR DISTORTING PARADIGMS / MALADAPTIVE COGNITIVE SCHEMAS
	Exercise 17-When you are in a non-resourceful state, whatare the distorted perceptions and inaccurate interpretations that are in place then?
	Adaptive and Maladaptive Cognitive Schemaof Each Personality Style
	VIRTUES / ADAPTIVE EMOTIONAL SCHEMAS
	Exercise 18-What are the virtues or strengths or good habits needed for living a balanced adult life?
	PASSIONS / MALADAPTIVE EMOTIONAL SCHEMAS
	Exercise 19-What passions are in possession of you?
	Adaptive and Maladaptive Emotional Schema of Each Personality Style
	Exercise 20--What is your predominant fault?
	PARADIGM SHIFTS
	Exercise 21-What is impossible for you to do within your own style?
	Exercise 22-What happens to you under stressful conditions?
	Paradigm Shifts
	STRESSFUL CONDITIONS
	Shifting to the Low Side of the Proceeding Style
	Shifting to the High Side of the Proceeding Style
	Exercise 23-What are you like in relaxed, nonthreatening situations?
	HEALTHY CONDITIONS
	Shifting to the High Side of the Preceding Style
	Shifting to the Down Side of the Preceding Style
	THREE CENTERS OR INSTINCTS
	The Three Instincts
	Exercise 24-Which is your preferred center: head, heart, or gut (body)?
	Exercise 25-What is the condition of your carriage (physical center) at this time?
	Exercise 26-What is the condition of your horses (emotional center) at this time?
	Exercise 27-What is the condition of your driver (head center) at this time?
	Exercise 28-What does your head need and want?
	Exercise 29-What does your heart need and want?
	Exercise 30-What does your gut (body) need and want?
The Nine Styles
Style 1: The Good Person
	Positive Core Value Tendencies
	Distorted Core Characteristics
	Objective Paradigm: Wholeness
	Virtue: Serenity
	Distorting Paradigm: Perfection
	Passion: Anger
	Area of Avoidance: Anger
	Defense Mechanism: Reaction Fonnation
	How the Distortion of This Style Developed
	What You Miss as a Result of the Distortion of Your Style
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Stressful Conditions
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Relaxed Conditions
Style 2: The Loving Person
	Positive Core Value Tendencies
	Distorted Core Characteristics
	Objective Paradigm: Freedom
	Virtue: Humility
	Distorting Paradigm: Codependence
	Passion: Pride
	Area of Avoidance: Personal Needs
	Defense Mechanism: Repression
	How the Distortion of This Style Developed
	What You Miss as a Result of the Distortion of Your Style
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Stressful Conditions
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Relaxed Conditions
Style 3: The Effective Person
	Positive Core Value Tendencies
	Distorted Core Characteristics
	Objective Paradigm: Hope
	Virtue: Truthfulness
	Distorting Paradigm: Efficiency
	Passion: Deceit
	Area of Avoidance: Failure
	Defense Mechanism: Identification
	How the Distortion of This Style Developed
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Stressful Conditions
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Relaxed Conditions
Style 4: The Original Person
	Positive Core Value Tendencies
	Distorted Core Characteristics
	Objective Paradigm: Originality
	Virtue: Equanimity
	Distorting Paradigm: Specialness
	Passion: Envy
	Area of Avoidance: Ordinariness
	Defense Mechanism: Introjection
	How the Distortion of This Style Developed
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Stressful Conditions
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Relaxed Conditions
Style 5: The Wise Person
	Positive Core Value Tendencies
	Distorted Core Characteristics
	Objective Paradigm: Understanding / Transparency
	Virtue: Detachment
	Distorting Paradigm: Intellectualization / Anonymity
	Passion: Avarice
	Area of Avoidance: Emptiness
	Defense Mechanism: Isolation
	How the Distortion of This Style Developed
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Stressful Conditions
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Relaxed Conditions
Style 6: The Loyal Person
	Positive Core Value Tendencies
	Distorted Core Characteristics
	Objective Paradigm: Faith
	Virtue: Courage
	Distorting Paradigm: Doubt / Dogma
	Passion: Fear
	Area of Avoidance: Deviance
	Defense Mechanism: Projection
	How the Distortion of This Style Developed
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Stressful Conditions
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Relaxed Conditions
Style 7: The Joyful Person
	Positive Core Value Tendencies
	Distorted Core Characteristics
	Objective Paradigm: Work
	Virtue: Sobriety
	Distorting Paradigm: Pleasure/Planning
	Passion: Gluttony
	Area of Avoidance: Pain and Suffering
	Defense Mechanism: Sublimation
	How the Distortion of This Style Developed
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Stressful Conditions
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Relaxed Conditions
Style 8: The Powerful Person
	Positive Core Value Tendencies
	Distorted Core Characteristic
	Objective Paradigm: Justice
	Virtue: lnnocence
	Distorting Paradigm: Vindication
	Passion: Lust
	Area of Avoidance: Weakness
	Defense Mechanism: Denial
	How the Distortion of This Style Developed
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Stressful Conditions
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Relaxed Conditions
Style 9: The Peaceful Person
	Positive Core Value Tendencies
	Distorted Core Characteristics
	Objective Paradigm: Love
	Virtue: Action
	Distorting Paradigm: Resignation
	Passion: Indolence
	Area of Avoidance: Conflict
	Defense Mechanism: Narcoticization
	How the Distortion of This Style Developed
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Stressful Conditions
	Paradigm Shifts You May Experience Under Relaxed Conditions
Bibliography
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

to the

---...nneagram

Personality Styles
ana Where You Fit

JEROM WAGNER, PH.D.
Forewords by Helen Palmer and Thomas Condon

Page 2

WHAT TYPE ARE YO �

The Enneag'ram is a diagram that represents nine basic types of human personal­

ity and the relationships between them. Each of these types�r styles-relates

to a point on lhe diagram. and is summed up in a singl word. They are:

Good

Lovillg

cjJeclilie

Origillal

Wise

Loyal

loyful

PowerfLlI

Peaceful

Probing exercis s will h Ip you connect your 0\\ n personalilY 10 one of Ihese

slyl s. Then, each chapler describes one slyle in delail. covering such issue as:

• Posili,e and negali,'e Irails.

• ore ,alues. ideas. and assumptions lhat shape your view of the world ..

• How and \I hy you move toward a different personalily sl) Ie when you're under

slress-and when you're relaxed and feeling in conlrol.

• Negalive and posilive changes you may make under Slress.

• Negalive and positive changes you may make when you're feeling in conlrol.

The insights you gain by underslanding each personality I) pe and how it relales

lo Ihe olhers will pUI you in louch wilh facels of your inner self Ihal you've

repressed. You'll learn why you've repressed lhem, the painful results of lhal

repression, and how 10 slop lhe repression and gi'e lhem full expre sion.

Wilh Ihis knowledge. you can allow yourself lo develop all aspecls of your being.

and live a fuller, richer, more alisfying and effeclive life.

9

BG - PSYCHOLOGY

ISBN 1·56731·728·6

Page 66

60 THE ENNEAGRAM

Positive Core Value
Tendencies

You are attracted to and value
efficiency, productivity, indus­
triousness, and competence.

You possess a natural organi­
zational ability.

You have the ability to get
things done.

You make a good salesperson.
You exude confidence and
competence and so people are
willing to buy you and your
product.

You make a good team per­
son. As a team leader, you are
able to organize, run, and mo­
tivate a team. As a team mem­
ber, you can carry out your
own responsibilities.

You are a good energizer. You
have the energy to accomplish
things and you are able to mo­
tivate others.

Distorted Core
Characteristics

You can overidentify with the
of being

and
such that your worth depends
on what you do instead of
who you are.

You can become overly effi­
cient, machine-like, and ultra­
programmed.

You may substitute projects
for persons.

You can become a
Your worth de­

pends upon how well you can
sell yourself or how market­
able you are.

You can lose your personal
identity by conforming to the
group image or to the image
of what the group wants you
to be.

You always have to be on the
go. You are unable to slow
down or you're afraid to relax.
You believe that

Page 131

132 THE ENNEAGRAM

Campbell, Richard. "The relationship of Arica training to self
actualization and interpersonal behavior." Ph.D., 1975, United
States International University. 36/03-B. GAX 75-20244.

Gamard, William Sumner. "Interrater reliability and validity of
judgments of Enneagram personality types." Ph.D., 1986, Cali­
fornia Institute of Integral Studies. GAX 86-25584.

Lincoln, Robert. "The relation between depth psychology and
protoanalysis ." Ph .D., 1983. California Institute of
Transpersonal Psychology. Research Abstracts International.
LD 00676.

Randall, Stephen. "Development of an inventory to assess
Enneagram personality type." Ph.D., 1979 . California Insti­
tute of Integral Studies. 40/09-B. GAX 80-05160.

Wagner, Jerome. "A descriptive, reliability, and validity study of
the Enneagram personality typology." Ph.D., 1981, Loyola
University, Chicago. 41/11A. GAX 81-09973.

Wolf, Steven. "Effects of the Arica training on adult develop­
ment: a longitudinal study." Ph.D., 1985, Saybrook Institute.
46/11B. GAX 85-28854.

Zinkle, Thomas. "A pilot study toward the validation of the Sufi
personality typology." Ph.D., 1975, United States International
University. 35/05B. GAX 74-24529.

(To order copies, contact Dissertation Abstracts Intemational, Dissertion
Publishing, University Microfilm International, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., p.o.
Box 1764, Ann Arbor, MI 48106; 1-800-521-3042.)

RELATED WORKS

!chazo, Oscar. Free­
New York: Arica Institute Press, 1976.

Page 132

Bibliography 133

_____ . Between Metaphysics and Protoanalysis. New
York: Arica Institute Press, 1982.

_____ . Interviews with Oscar Ichazo.New York: Arica In­
stitute Press, 1982.

The Gurdjie/f Tradition

Almaas, AH. The Elixir of Enlightenment. York Beach, ME:
Samuel Weiser, 1984.

____ . Essence: the Diamond Approach to Inner Realiza­
tion. York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, 1986.

____ . The Void. Berkeley: Diamond Books, 1986.

____ . The Pearl Beyond Price. Berkeley: Diamond Books,
1988.

Bennett, J.G. Enneagram Studies. York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser,
1983.

Campbell, Robert. Fisherman s Guide. Boston: Shambhala, 1985.

De Ropp, Robert. The Master Game. New York: Dell, 1974.

Ouspensky, PD. The Psychology of Mans Possible Evolution.
New York: Vintage, 1974.

Speeth, Kathleen. The Gurdjie/f Work. Berkeley: And/Or Press,
1976.

Tart, Charles. Waking Up. Boston: Shambhala, 1986.

Webb, James. The Harmonious Circle. New York: G.P. Putnam's
Sons, 1980.

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