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Titleleal v iac
TagsPublic Policy Doctrine Complaint Social Institutions Society Crime & Justice
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G.R. No. L-65425 November 5, 1987

IRENEO LEAL, JOSE LEAL, CATALINA LEAL, BERNABELA LEAL, VICENTE LEAL EUIOGIA
LEAL PATERNO RAMOS, MACARIO DEL ROSARIO, MARGARITA ALBERTO, VICTORIA
TORRES, JUSTINA MANUEL, JULIAN MANUEL, MELANIA SANTOS, CLEMENTE SAMARIO,
MARIKINA VALLEY, INC., MIGUELA MENDOZA, and REGISTER OF DEEDS OF RIZAL,
petitioners,

vs.

THE HONORABLE INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT (4th Civil Cases Division), and
VICENTE SANTIAGO (Substituted by SALUD M. SANTIAGO), respondents.

FACTS:

-Reversal of IAC in its Resolution dated Sept. 27, 1983 of the earlier
decision dated June 28, 1978 penned by Justice Paras of the Court of
Appeals, in the same case, affirming the trial court’s dismissal of the
private respondent’s complaint.

March 21, 1941: Vicente Santiago and Cirilio Leal entered into a contract which was
called the “Compraventa” where V. Santiago sold to the latter three parcels of land.
Cited in the contract was: ‘En caso deventa, no podran vender a otrosdichos tres
lotes de terrenosino al aqui rendedor Vicente Santiago, o los herederos o sucesores
de estepor el niismo precio de P5,600 siempre y cuando estos ultimos pueden hacer
la compra’.
1960-1965: Parts of the properties were mortgaged or leased to the co-petitioners
or to third party
1966-1957: V. Santiago offered re-purchase of the properties but the petitioner
refused the offer
August 2, 1967: V. Santiago instituted complaint for specific performance. The trial
court (Court of First Instance in Q.C.) rendered its decision – dismissing the case for
it was thought to be a premature case or that there was no sale at all. The
respondent was not contented at all that he filed another complaint in the Court of
Appeals—
June 28, 1978: Justice Paras of the Court of Appeals affirmed the trial court’s
dismissal of respondent’s complaint. Included in the decision was the order for the
cancellation of the annotations at the back of the Transfer Certificates of Title
issued which prohibits the petitioner to sell the land to the third party.
Respondentsfiled a motion for reconsideration and an opposition to the
petitioner’s(Leal) motion to amend but the incidents were not resolved since the
Court of Appeals was abolished and was replaced by the IAC.
Sept. 27, 1983: The June 28, 1978 decision of the CA was reversed. The petitioners
were to accept P5,600 for re-purchase of Land and they should pay rental of
P3,087.50 as rental from 1967-1968 and the same amount every year after. The
Transfer Certificate of Title No. 42535 was ordered to be in the names of V.
Santiago & Luis Santiago and to issue another TCT to S. Santiago.

ISSUE/S:

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