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“People are becoming more materialistic. They are concerned with making more
money and what money can buy.” What is your opinion on being materialistic?
You should write at least 350 words. [60 marks]
They say that money makes the world go round. And indeed it does as without
money, life would be very difficult as in today’s society, nothing is free. The side
effect however is that people are becoming more materialistic; more concerned
with making money and what money can buy. But how much money is enough? Is
it ever enough? To some, it will never be enough. In my opinion, I truly believe
that this statement is true and that people are becoming more materialistic in
nature. In this essay, I will discuss how materialism has affected modern society’s
way of life on an individual level, the country’s economy as well as our spiritual
and moral beliefs.

First and foremost, each individual is affected by materialism to some extent in
this day and age because hedonism is becoming an uprising trend. This is because
today's generation are geared towards making more and more money so that
they can enjoy the carefree lifestyle that is so popular these days. Moreover,
people now are striving to earn more income in order to afford things that are
more expensive and branded. For example, people spend their hard earned
money on material objects like genuine LV and Coach handbags, expensive
gadgets like Iphones and Tablet pcs and so on which in my opinion is a waste of
money when regular goods may prove to be good enough. Therefore, while
individuals become more focussed on their pursuit of material wealth and
improving their standard of living, they may forget that what matters most in life
is quality time spent with family and friends and not the quantity of their material

Secondly, when society starts spending in a materialistic manner it will surely have
a domino effect on the country’s economy. This means that the spending power
of society will help boost the economy and create more business opportunities
for the booming trade. However, when a society overspends, using plastic money
or credit cards, or when they take loans they cannot afford to repay, then the
country’s debt margin will be higher. For instance, USA today is facing an
economic crisis because banks have approved home loans to people who aspire
to own bigger houses than they can actually afford and this is causing the collapse
of the country’s economy there. Thus, while a society’s spending habits helps our
economy to grow, overspending due to materialism will have an adverse effect to
the country’s financial stability.

Last but not least, materialism affects our spiritual and moral beliefs. This is due to
the fact people who are materialistic may become ‘amoral’ whereby they
disregard their spiritual and moral upbringing and instead turn to crime to satisfy
their materialistic needs. In fact, the crime rate is increasing because criminals
these days have developed many ways to gain more money from society. Take for
example, there are more reports of snatch thefts, burglaries, kidnapping for

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ransom, credit card fraud, internet banking hacking and others that are driven by
materialistic criminals. Hence, when people lose sight of their spiritual and moral
beliefs and believe instead in the greed of materialism, therefore the crime rate is
bound to increase.

In a nutshell, materialism is a common agenda in the 21st century as more people
are working hard to afford things beyond their reach. While this may spur
individuals to work harder to improve their standard of living, overspending due
to materialism may cause the downfall of a country’s economy and their morality.
In my opinion, I still firmly believe that materialism has a strong hold on today’s
society; both positive and negative effects. Our government can encourage
society to be less frivolous and wasteful in spending by running campaigns such
as ‘Consumer Awareness’ and ‘Buy Malaysian Made Products’ in order to educate
our younger generation for the prosperity of our nation.


The world today is turning more to electronic communications such as the e-
mail, Facebook and Short Message System (SMS). What is your opinion of this
growing trend? Discuss. You should write at least 350 words. [60 marks]

Everywhere we turn today, the world is crowded with people busy typing SMSes
on their Nokias or iPhones or someone is staring unblinkingly at a Facebook or
Yahoo page on the computer screen. Whether you like it or not, the age of
Information Technology is upon us, and we can either learn new skills and adapt
to this new technology, or be forever lost and stuck in the older generation. In my
opinion, I am fully convinced that this growing trend is the way of the future, and
it brings countless benefits to mankind. In this essay, I will discuss three positive
effects of electronic communication, namely its efficiency, enhances
communication and creates a borderless world community.

First and foremost, more and more people are relying on e-mail, Facebook, Short
Message System (SMS) and other types of electronic communication tools
because of its high efficiency. This is because in today's age of globalisation, we
need information at the tip of our fingers. Moreover, with the use of these tools,
we can increase the speed of getting the necessary and relevant information
within seconds and this will increase our productivity. For example, gone are the
days of using 'snail mail' or regular letters using stamps and envelopes and many
more examples of 'old' technology because it is simply too slow and inefficient.
Therefore, these e-communication tools increases the access to important
information which is why the new generation is fully accepting this growing trend.

Secondly, this form of technology enhances communication among people today.
This means that when we use SMS, e-mails and websites like Facebook, we are
able to communicate clearly and directly to our target audience. Furthermore,
people today find that the message is more important than the form it comes in

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price at a reasonable rate so that it does not affect the productivity of this
country towards achieving the aspirations of the nation for Vision 2020.

Year End 2008
"People are becoming more materialistic. They are concerned with
making more money and what money can buy." What is your opinion on
being materialistic? You should write at least 350 words.

Mid 2009
Information and communications technology (ICT) is the cause of
today's many social ills. What is your opinion? Support your answers
with examples. You should write at least 350 words.

Year End 2009
People commit crime for selfish reasons. Discuss. You should write at
least 350 words.

Mid 2010
The world today is turning more to electronic communications such as
the e-mail, Facebook and short Message System (SMS). What is your
opinion of this growing trend? Discuss. You should write at least 350

Year End 2010
In an arranged marriage, the choice of a husband or wife is made by
parents or elders. What do you think of this practice in today's society?
Discuss. You should write at least 350 words.

Mid 2011
The most valuable thing in life is friendship. Do you agree? Discuss. You
should write at least 350 words.


1. WAR
In terms of world peace, we should never repeat the mistakes
of World War I in 1918 where we lost about 5 million people
and World War II in 1945 that took the lives of more than 61
million. These wars are concrete examples of why killing and
death are not acceptable. Instead, we should find a way
through the United Nations and other such organisations to
conduct peace talks at all costs because wars give nothing but
negative impact to the human race.

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