Download Reactions of Alcohols, Phenols, Aldehydes and Ketones PDF

TitleReactions of Alcohols, Phenols, Aldehydes and Ketones
TagsAldehyde Alcohol Ketone Ethanol Chemical Reactions
File Size975.0 KB
Total Pages44
Document Text Contents
Page 2

OBJECTIVESOBJECTIVES

 Understand the properties and reactionsUnderstand the properties and reactions
of alcohol and phenolof alcohol and phenol

 Enumerate and give the processesEnumerate and give the processes
involving alcohol and phenolinvolving alcohol and phenol

 Compare and contrast aldehydes andCompare and contrast aldehydes and
ketones in terms of their structures andketones in terms of their structures and
propertiesproperties

Page 22

Aldehydes AldehydesAAllddeehhyyddeess aannddandand
KKetonesetonesKKetonesetones

 AAldehydes and ketones areldehydes and ketones are structurallystructurally
very similar; both have a carbon-oxygenvery similar; both have a carbon-oxygen
double bond called adouble bond called a cacarbrboonynyll grgrououpp..

 TThheey y ddiiffffeer r iin n tthhaat t aallddeehhyyddees s hhaavve e aat t 
least least oneone hydrogen atom bonded to thehydrogen atom bonded to the
carbonyl group, whereas in ketones thecarbonyl group, whereas in ketones the
carbonyl is bonded tocarbonyl is bonded to twotwo carbon atoms.carbon atoms.

Page 23

Aldehydes AldehydesAAllddeehhyyddeess aannddandand
KKetonesetonesKKetonesetones

 Characteristic reactions of aldehydes andCharacteristic reactions of aldehydes and
ketones:ketones:

 AAddition reactions across the double bondddition reactions across the double bond

 ReductionReduction

 CondensationCondensation

 HHalalofoforormm rereacactitionon

Page 44

Reaction of theReaction of the CCarbonyl Grouparbonyl GroupReaction of theReaction of the CCarbonyl Grouparbonyl Group
((((HHaloformaloformHHaallooffoorrmm RRxxnnRRxxnn // / / IIodoformodoformIIodoformodoform TTestest))TTestest))

++CCHH
CCHH33CCHH33

OOHH

aa ttoonnee

44II22 ++ 6NaOH6NaOH

CCHH33

OO

OONNaa
++

++ CHICHI33 ++ 5NaI5NaI
55HH

22
OO++

IodofoIodoforr

((yyeelllloowwssoolliidd))

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