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attractive.

The author feels a deep gratitude that the first edition has been so soon sold. He indulges the hope that it has
been found helpful and sends out this edition with a prayer that it may prove more valuable than did the
former.

J.B. Tidwell

* * * * *

Preface to First Edition.

The aim of this book is to furnish students of the Bible with an outline which will enable them to gain a
certain familiarity with its contents. While it is intended especially for students in academies, preparatory
schools and colleges, the needs of classes conducted by Women’s Societies, Young People’s Organizations,
Sunday School Normal Classes, Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A. and advanced classes of the Sunday Schools
have been constantly in mind. Its publication has been encouraged not only by the hope of supplying the
needs mentioned but by expressions that have followed public lectures upon certain books, indicating a desire
on the part of Christians in general for a book that would, in a brief compass, give them some insight into the
purpose, occasion and general setting of each of the books of the Bible.

The work has been done with a conviction that the students of American schools should become as well
acquainted with the sources of our religion as they are required to do with the religions of ancient heathen
nations, and all the more so, since the most of our people regard it as the true and only religion, and still more
so, since "it is made the basis of our civilization and is implied and involved in our whole national life." It is
believed by the Author that a knowledge of the simple facts of the history, geography and chronology of the
Bible is essential to a liberal education and that to be familiar with the prophecies, poetry, and ethics of the
scripture is as essential to the educated man of today as was a "knowledge of Greek history in the time of
Pericles or of English history in the reign of Henry the VIII." And, in order that such knowledge may be
gained, effort has been made to put into the book only a minimum of matter calculated to take the student
away from the Bible itself to a discussion about it and to put into it a maximum of such matter as will require
him to study the scripture at first hand.

Having intended, first of all to meet the needs of those whose advantages for scripture study have been
limited, the information has been put in tabular form, giving only such facts as have been carefully gathered
from reliable sources, with but little attempt to show how the conclusions were reached. It is expected that the
facts given may be mastered and that an interest may be created which will lead to further study upon the
subjects treated. And to this end some of the studies have been made sufficiently complicated for college work
and instruction for such work given in suggestions for teachers, leaders and classes. Besides the studies of the
books there have been introduced some matters of general interest which have been found helpful as drills for
academy pupils, and which will be found interesting and helpful to all classes of students.

The general plan is the outgrowth of the experience of a few years of teaching, but the material presented lays
little claim to originality. It has been gathered from many sources and may in some cases seem almost like
plagiarism, but due acknowledgment is here made for all suggestions coming from any source whatsoever,
including Dr. George W. Baines, who read all the material except that on the New Testament.

Let it be said also, that in preparing these studies the Author has proceeded upon the basis of a belief in the
Bible as the Word of God, a true source of comfort for every condition of heart and a safe guide to all faith
and conduct whether of individuals or of nations. It is hoped therefore that those who may study the topics
presented will approach the scripture with an open heart, that it may have full power to make them feel the
need of God, that they may make its provisions real in their experience and that it may bring to them new and

Bible Book by Book, The 2

Page 56

III. Guilt of the nations, 15−16.

IV. Judah shall be restored,

For Study and Discussion. (1) The sin of pride. (2) The sin of rejoicing in another's misfortune. (3)
Punishment according to our sin and of the same kind as was our sin.

* * * * *

Chapter XX.

Jonah and Micah.

Jonah.

The Prophet. His name means "done," and he is the son of Amittai. His home was Gath−hepher, a village of
Zebulun, and he, therefore, belonged to the ten tribes and not to Judah. He is first mentioned in 2 Kings 14:28,
where he prophesied the success of Jeroboam II, in his war with Syria, by which he would restore the territory
that other nations had wrested from Israel. He very likely prophesied at an early date, though all attempts to
determine the time of his prophecy or the time and place of his death have failed.

The Prophecy. It differs from all the other prophecies in that it is a narrative and more "the history of a
prophecy than prophecy itself". All the others are taken up chiefly with prophetic utterances, while this book
records the experiences and work of Jonah, but tells us little of his utterances. The story of Jonah has been
compared to those of Elijah and Elisha (1 Kings 17−19, and 2 Kings 4−6).

Although full of the miraculous element, the evident purpose is to teach great moral and spiritual lessons, and
it is unfortunate that its supernatural element has made this book the subject of infidel attack. But the facts,
though extraordinary, are in no way contradictory or inconsistent. Indeed, Mr. Driver has well said that "no
doubt the outlines of the narrative are historical." Christ spoke of Jonah and accredited it by likening his own
death for three days to Jonah's three days in the fish's belly.

It is the most "Christian" of all the Old Testament books, its central truth being the universality of the divine
plan of redemption. Nowhere else in the Old Testament is such stress laid upon the love of God as embracing
in its scope the whole human race.

Analysis.

I. Jonah's First Call and Flight from Duty, Chs. 1−2.

1. The call, flight and punishment, 1:1−16.

2. The repentance and rescue, 1:17−2:10 (end).

II. Jonah's Second Call and Preaching at Nineveh, Ch. 3.

1. His second call. 1−2.

2. His preaching against Nineveh. 2−4.

3. Nineveh repents, 5−9.

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