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Table of Contents
                            CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
GNOSTICISM, GNOSTICS, AND THE GNOSTIC BIBLE
LETTING IN THE LIGHT
PART ONE
	INTRODUCTION
	The Gospel of Thomas
	The Gospel of John
PART TWO
	INTRODUCTION
	The Book of Baruch
	The Secret Book of John
	The Reality of the Rulers
	The Revelation of Adam
	Three Forms of First Thought
	The Three Steles of Seth
	The Vision of the Foreigner
	The Sermon of Zostrianos
	The Baptismal Ceremony of the Gospel of the Egyptians
	Thunder
	The Letter of Peter to Philip
	The Gospel of Truth
	The Gospel of Philip
	Letter to Flora
	Commentary on the Gospel of John
	The Treatise on Resurrection
	The Prayer of the Messenger Paul
	Valentinian Liturgical Readings
	The Secret Book of James
	The Round Dance of the Cross
	The Songs of Solomon
	The Song of the Pearl
	The Book of Thomas
	The Exegesis on the Soul
	On the Origin of the World
	The Paraphrase of Shem
	The Second Treatise of the Great Seth
	The Gospel of Mary
	The Naassene Sermon
PART THREE
	INTRODUCTION
	Poimandres
	The Discourse on the Eighth and Ninth
	The Prayer of Thanksgiving
PART FOUR
	INTRODUCTION
	The Ginza
	Hibil's Lament from the Book of John
	Songs from the Mandaean Liturgy
PART FIVE
	INTRODUCTION
	On the Origin of His Body
	The Story of the Death of Mani
	The Kephalaia
	The Coptic Manichaean Songbook
	Parthian Songs
	The Great Song to Mani
PART SIX
	INTRODUCTION
	The Mother of Books
PART SEVEN
	INTRODUCTION
	The Gospel of the Secret Supper
	The Book of the Two Principles
	A Nun's Sermon
THE INNER LIGHT OF GNOSIS: A HISTORICAL MEDITATION
GLOSSARY
FURTHER READING
SOURCES CITED
INDEX OF PROPER NAMES
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 2

THE
GNOSTIC

BIBLE
E D I T E D BY

Willis Barnstone

and Marvin Meyer

S H A M B H A L A

Boston & London
2003

Page 434

4 2 6 LITERATURE OF GNOSTIC W I S D O M

Now, after this there sprouted up the olive tree, which was to purify kings

and chief priests of justice, who will appear in the last days. The olive tree ap-

peared in the light of the first Adam for the sake of the anointing that they

will receive.

THE CREATION OF PLANTS, ANIMALS, AND
HEAVENLY ORBS

But the first Psyche55 loved Eros, who was with her, and poured her blood
upon him and upon the earth. Then from that blood the first rose sprouted
upon the earth out of the thorn bush, for a joy in the light that was to appear
in the bramble. After this the beautiful, fragrant flowers sprouted up from
the earth according to their kind from the blood of each of the virgins of the
daughters of forethought. When they had become enamored of Eros, they
poured out their blood upon him and upon the earth. After these things every
herb sprouted up in the earth according to its kind, having the seed of the au-
thorities and their angels. After these things the authorities created from the
waters all species of beasts and reptiles and birds according to their kind,
having the seed of the authorities and their angels.

But before all these things, when Adam of light appeared on the first day,
he remained upon the earth about two days. He left the lower forethought in
heaven and began to ascend to his light. And immediately darkness came
upon the whole world. Now, when Sophia, who is in the lower heaven,56

wanted to receive authority from Pistis, she created great luminaries and all
the stars, and put them in the heaven to shine upon the earth and to perfect
chronological signs and seasons and years and months and days and nights
and seconds, and so on. And thus everything up in the sky was ordered.

Now, when Adam of light wanted to enter his light, that is, the eighth
heaven, he was unable because of the poverty that had mixed with his light.
Then he created a great eternal realm for himself; in that eternal realm he
created six realms and their worlds, six in number, which are seven times bet-
ter than the heavens of chaos and their worlds. But all these realms and their
worlds exist within the infinite region that is between the eighth and chaos
beneath it, and they are reckoned with the world that belongs to the poverty.

55. Soul. The story of the soul (Psyche) and Eros (love) is told in the literature of antiquity and
late antiquity. For gnostic versions of the myth of the soul, see the Song of the Pearl and the Ex-
egesis on the Soul in this volume.
56. The lower Sophia.

Page 435

LITERATURE OF GNOSTIC WISDOM 427

If you wish to know the arrangement of these, you will find it written in the
Seventh Cosmos of Hieralias the Prophet.57

THE CREATION OF HUMANKIND

Before Adam of light withdrew in the chaos, the authorities saw him. They
laughed at the chief creator because he lied, saying, "I am god and there is no
other god but me." When they came to him, they said, "Is this not the god who
ruined our work?" He answered and said, "Yes, but if you wish that he not be
able to ruin our work, come, let's create a human being from the earth ac-
cording to the image of our body and according to the likeness of this being,58

to serve us, so that whenever this being sees his likeness, he may become en-
amored of it. Then he will no longer ruin our work, but we shall make those
who are born from the light our servants through all the time of this age."

Now, all this came to pass according to the forethought of Pistis in order
that humankind might appear after this likeness and condemn them on ac-
count of their fashioned bodies. And their fashioned bodies became fences for
the light.59

Then the authorities received knowledge necessary to create people.
Sophia Zoe, who is with Sabaoth, anticipated them and laughed at their deci-
sion because they were blind—in ignorance they created him against them-
selves. They do not know what they do. Because of this she anticipated
them. She created her human being first in order that he might tell their
fashioned body how to scorn them and thus to escape them.

Now, the birth of the instructor occurred in this way.60 When Sophia let a
drop of light fall, it floated on the water. Immediately a human being ap-
peared, being androgynous. She molded that drop first as a female body. Af-
terward she molded it, with the body, in the likeness of the mother who
appeared, and she finished it in twelve months. An androgynous human being
was conceived, whom the Greeks call Hermaphrodite,61 while the Jews call his
mother Eve of life, that is, the instructor of life. Her child is the creature who
is lord. Afterward, the authorities called it the beast in order to lead their fash-
ioned bodies astray. The meaning of the beast is the instructor, for it was

57. Another unknown source.
58. Adam of light.
59- That is, the light is trapped within human bodies.
60. As in the Reality of the Rulers, the snake in paradise is the instructor of Adam and Eve.
61. That is, an androgynous, male-female being.

Page 867

INDEX 859

Saturnilus, 107

Saturninus, 119,770

Sauel, 186

Saulasau, 485

Sederkeas, 462

Seem. See Shem

Seldao,220

Senaon, 210

Sesengenbarpharanges, 220

Seth, 5, 6,109-11,137,145,149,172-73.175.

178-83,185,187-88,201-202,212,

219-20,438,465,577.647,659

earthly, 114,160

Eli Eli Machar Machar, 202

Emmacha, 202

heavenly (or above), 114,180-81, 201,

204

offspring of (children of, people of,

seed of), 201,204,216,220

Telmachel Telmachael Eli Eli Machar

Machar, 220

Sethel. See Seth

Shapur 1,571,593,785

Shem, 118,179,183,438-41,444-45,451-58,

460-64,545,659

offspring of, people of, race of, 438-40,

447,451

Shimon Kefa. See Peter

Shuruppak, 33

Sihon, 753

Simon de Montfort, 797

Simon Magus, 3,4,107,116-17,119,202,

467,493,663,767-68,770

Simon of Cyrene, 465,469,470

Simon Peter. See Peter

Simon the leper, 86

Simon the Pharisee, 86

Sita (opponent of Mani), 586,588

Sitiaios (the elder, son of Gara), 585-86

Sitil, 545

Soch, 456

Socrates, 766

Soldas, 455,459

Solomon, 27,186,314,423,473,755,760,

789

Sophaia, 457,463

Sophia (also Pistis Sophia, see also Sophia

Zoe), 1-2,5,31-32,34,37,39,42,

107-108,110-11,113-14,121,135-37,

141,146,149,157,159,162,167-68,

173,175-76,190,194-95,199,207,

224-25,235,238,242,268,308,335,

398,414-15,417,419,449,455,

467-68,475-76,512,532,542,559,

664,688,700,732,771,795

daughter of Pistis Sophia {see Sophia

Zoe)

daughter of Yaldabaoth, also

Astaphaios, 419-20

Sophia Zoe (daughter of Pistis Sophia),

422,426-27,429,433-34

Spinoza, Baruch, 792

Strempsouchos, 220

Strophaia, 456

Strophaias, 455,463

Superman, 796

Sura'il, 679

Suwa, 702

Tamar (Jacob's daughter-in-law), 406

Tartarouchos, 401

Teresa of Avila, 772

Tertullian, 9,18,112,768,782

Thalanatheus, 210

Theano, 32

Theodosios 1,783

Theona (Manichaean martyr), 633, 635,

637

Theopemptos, 220

Theophilos (also Bogomil), 730

Theophilos of Alexandria, 783

Theudas (teacher of Valentinos), 332

Thomas (also Judas Thomas, Thomas the

twin, Toma, Yehuda Toma), 6-7,12,

40,43-4,48,71,83,101-102,115-17,

324,386-87,395-400,530,570-71

Page 868

86o I N D E X

Thomas (doubting), 116

Thomas (student of Mani), 530,617

Thoth, 497-99,779

Tibil (earth), 542

Timothy (Manichaean), 586,591

Titan, 144,483

Toma. See Thomas

Triton, 141

Turan-shah,571

Tyndale, William, 21,25-26

Typhon, 146

Ur, 532

Uriel, 154

Valentinos (also Valentinus), 6,10,111-13,

239,248,299,307,332,768,781,795,

798

Valerian, 571

Venus, 657

Virgil, 23-24

Voltaire, 796

Walter the Penniless (also Gautier Sans-

Avoir), 736

Wolsey, Bishop, 25

Wyclif, John, 25

Yaakov the just. See James brother of Jesus

Yabel, 147,153

Yahweh, 120,137,498,771,777

as Abel, offspring of Yaldabaoth and

Eve, 160

Sabaoth,421

Yaldabaoth (also Ialdabaoth, Sakla,

Samael), 5,46,110,137,146-50,

156-57,159-61,166,172,176,190,194,

242,270,415,417-22,441,443,449,

468-69,471,473,475,512,542,664,

686,7i5>746,777,796

Yammon, 199

Yao, 148,418-19

Yehuda of Kerioth. See Judas Iscariot

Yehuda Toma. See Thomas

Yeshua. See Jesus

Yesseus, 221

Yesseus Mazareus Yessedekeus, 188,220-21

Yobel, 147

Yoel, 219,221

Yohanan the baptizer. See John the

baptizer

Yoko, 155

Yosef. See Joseph

Yoshamin, 532-33

Zachariah (father of John the baptizer),

550

Zachias (Manichaean), 590

Zarathustra. See Zoroaster

Zebedee (father of James and John), 102,

137-38

Zeesar, 485

Zeus, 123,132,141,146,159,182,483,619

Zipporah, 485

Zoe (also Eve), 156,159-60,167,228,421

as Eve of light, true Eve, daughter of

Sophia Zoe, 429

daughter of Pistis Sophia, also Sophia

Zoe, 176,414,416,423

Zoroaster, 155,215,570,647,659

Zostrianos, 215-16

Zurvan,647

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